human rights watch

söndag 29 juli 2018

Syrian Kurds in first talks with Assad’s government

Syrian Kurds in first talks with Assad’s government.
There is a dirty role play from Turkey, Iran and Assad regime, to reduce the Kurdish people dignity of US forces in Syria,,The governments of Turkey, Iraq and the Iranian government, along with the Assad regime.
  The Kurds are trying to discredit the Kurds in regard to the forces of America and the outside of the region.

DAMASCUS,— A US-backed Kurdish-led alliance is holding talks in Damascus for the first time on the future of the swathe of northern Syria under its control, an alliance official said on Friday.
Between them the Damascus government and the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces SDF control some 90 percent of the country, after a series of Russian-backed victories over rebel groups in recent months saw the government reassert its authority over much of the south.
The delegation from the SDF’s political wing is discussing the future of the autonomous administrations it has set up in Syrian Kurdistan (Rojava) areas of northern and northeastern Syria under its control, the alliance official said.
“A delegation from the Syrian Democratic Council is paying a first official visit to Damascus at the invitation of the government,” the council’s Arab co-chair Riad Darar said.
“We are working towards a settlement for northern Syria.
“We hope that the discussions on the situation in the north will be positive,” Darar said, adding that they were being held “without preconditions”.
Ilham Ahmed, a senior Kurdish official in the SDF’s political wing said on Thursday “We have a conviction that channels must be open…the constitution, the political process, these will not be solved without the regime,” said . “The regime is not going anywhere.”
Western ally
The SDF controls more than 27 percent of Syrian territory, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based monitoring group.
It holds not only Kurdish-majority areas along the northern border with Turkey but also the Arab-majority city of Raqqa, made infamous by the Islamic State (IS) group as its former de facto Syrian capital.
SDF fighters captured the city with support from a US-led coalition last October in their most high-profile victory of the war.
The SDF has since lost the Kurdish enclave of Afrin in Syrian Kurdistan (northwestern Syria) to Turkish-backed rebels, who have also threatened to seize other territory held by the alliance west of the Euphrates river.
Only intervention by Washington has prevented Turkish troops from seizing the hard-won town of Manbij from the SDF, whose Kurdish units have pulled back.
Ankara views the Kurdish-led alliance as a terrorist group because of its links to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), an outlawed rebel group that has been fighting Turkish troops since 1984.
Cultural rights
Damascus too views Kurdish aspirations with suspicion and President Bashar al-Assad in late May threatened to resort to force if necessary to prevent SDF-held areas breaking away.
The SDF backs a federal Syria made up of autonomous cantons in the various regions, including the Kurdish-majority areas of Hasakeh and Kobane.
It has already set up cantonal administrations in areas under its control which raise their own revenues and operate their own police and other services.
In a first for Syria, the SDF runs Kurdish-medium schools, although it also recognises the rights of other linguistic groups, including the Assyrian Christians.
A Kurdish lawmaker who sits in the national parliament in Damascus said the talks with the SDF would focus on confining its ambitions to the cultural sphere with central government control restored in areas under its control.
Damascus wanted the SDF to “facilitate the entry of the Syrian army and the return of state institutions into Kurdish-majority areas east of the Euphrates”, lawmaker Omar Usi said.
In return, it was offering “constitutional recognition for the Kurdish community and its cultural rights.”
Usi alleged that some in the SDF had grown wary of their US backers after Turkey seized Afrin.
But the return of Syrian state control would still be a tough pill for the SDF to swallow as it continues to take losses in fighting with IS in desert areas close to the Iraqi border.
The alliance has implemented much of the leftist ideology of its main Kurdish component, the People’s Protection Units (YPG), including strict equality for women in all public offices.
The Kurdish flag and images of jailed PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan are ubiquitous in SDF-held areas.
In 2013, the Democratic Union Party (PYD) — the political branch of the powerful People’s Protection Units (YPG) — has established three autonomous Cantons of Jazeera, Kobani and Afrin and a Kurdish government across Syrian Kurdistan in 2013.
On March 17, 2016, Kurdish authorities announced the creation of a “federal region” made up of those semi-autonomous regions in Syrian Kurdistan.
Turkey on January 20, 2018 launched an operation against the YPG in its western enclave of Afrin in Syria and on March 18, Turkish troops supporting Syrian rebels drove the YPG out of Afrin city.
Ankara fears the creation of a Kurdish autonomous region or Kurdish state in Syrian Kurdistan could encourage separatism amongst its own Kurds.
Copyright ©, respective author or news agency, AFP 

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