human rights watch

måndag 2 juli 2018

The Syrian south...a Russian-American agreement besets Turkey- 1

The Syrian south...a Russian-American agreement besets Turkey- 1
The military map varies in south of Syria. There are many armed gangs with different orientations that are supported by a number of regional countries including Turkey, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Qatar, and also there are Jabhet al-Nusra and IS.

The military map in south of Syria
Some military sources estimate the number of elements of armed gangs and mercenaries in the south about 30,000-40,000 armed forces, controlling areas in Daraa, Hawed al-Yarmok, Damascus, al-Sweida and al-Quneitra.
Their affiliations vary including the mercenaries who receive support from Turkey and other regional countries, and those who describe themselves to be moderate, reaching Jabhat al-Nasra and mercenaries of IS that are among the most prominent armed gangs and mercenaries present in the south of Syria:
Hayet Tahrir al-Sham (formerly Jabhet al-Nusra)
It is led by Abu Muhammad al-Julani and is considered a branch of al-Qaeda in Syria. It is classified on the global terrorism list. It was established in early 2012 on behalf of Jabhet al-Nusra. In addition to its presence in the countryside of Idlib and Afrin areas, it has several battalions in Daraa, al-Quneitra, and Turkey which is the main supporter of Jabhet al-Nusra which implements the Turkish agendas in Syria.
Jabhet al-Nusra tried by changing its name several times to remove the quality of terrorism of itself and the last was to convert its name to Hayet Tahrir al-Sham in January 2017, but remained in the international terrorism list as it continues violating the civilians.
Ahrar al-Sham
It was formed in late 2011 and is currently led by Abu Jaber al-Sheikh. This movement is very bad in the Syrian war because it openly allies with Jabhet al-Nusra and is also supported by Turkey and some Arabic countries.
Al-Jabha al-Janobia
This gang was formed of 56 armed factions in the south of Syria on February 13, 2014. It is one of the largest military alliances in Syria and controls 70 % of Daraa and al-Quneitra governorates.
Al-Jabha al-Janobia was formed with the direct support of the military operations center "al-Mok" whose center is located in the Jordanian capital Amman, which gave the gathering a strong organizational character according to some military observers, in addition to the presence of some moderate religious factions led by Bashar al-Zubi and assisted by Zeyada Fahd.
The gang receives direct support from France, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan and the USA, as well as the support of some armed gangs and mercenaries in Syria such as Jaish Ahrar al-Ashaer, Jaish al-Janob, Jaish Meghawir al-Thewra, Hayet Tahrir al-Sham (Jabhet al-Nusra)
 Jabhat Ansar al-Islam,Jamaet Beit al-Maqaddas, Alwet al-Amri, Firqet Fajr al-Islam, Lewa Amoud Horan, and Lewa Tewhid Kataeb Horan.
In the recent military campaign launched by the regime in southern Syria on June 19, 2018, al-Jabha al-Janobia sent a message to the countries that are receiving support from them, pointing out that the area would go to war if the regional parties accept the entry of the Iranian forces to the southern area and rejected in its message any presence of Russian troops in the south, and rejected any formula to open Nassib border crossing only on their conditions.
The statement’s link of forming al-Jabha al-Janobia: 
Jaish al-Yarmok
It was formed since the beginning of the Syrian crisis with the establishment of Katibet al-Yarmok which began the military action in late 2012 in the eastern countryside of Daraa. It includes 8 military battalions which are Katibet Osama Bin Zaid, Katibet Omar Bin Moaz al-Zubeidi, Katibet Bara Bin Malek, Katibet Aisha Om al-Mominin, Katibet Omar Bin al-Khattab, Katibet Imam Ibn Katheer, Katibet Hamza Bin Abdul Muttaleb.)
The gang has advanced weapons compared to other armed groups. It possesses many light and medium weapons and has T72 tanks as it has controlled them in the battles with the regime.
The link of forming Katibet al-Yarmok: 
Jaish al-Mutaz Bellah
The first steps of the formation of this gang were through the formation of Liwa al-Yarmok in late October 2012 of 13 military factions (Katibet Mutaz Bellah, Katibet Abad Rahman, Katibet Ali Bin Abi Taleb, Katibet Ashab al-Haq, Katibet Bani Umayah, , Katibet al-Bunyan, Katibet al-Maslul, Katibet Qahtan Qabasia, Katibet Amjad Hussein, Katibet Ibn Taymiyah, Katibet al-Faruq, Katibet Ahrar al-Jolan.)
As a result of the dramatic military developments in the area, Khalid Fayez al-Nabulsi announced the transformation of Lewa al-Yarmok into Jaish al-Mutaz Bellah, which includes Lewa al-Mutaz Bellah, Lewa Walid Qabasi, Lewa Ahrar al-Yadoudah, Lewa al-Ansar, Lewa al-Naser Lewa Shohada al-Karama Lewa Farouq al-Omer. It is deployed in areas such as al-Yadoudah, the northern of Daraa city and Atman town, and it has elements specialized in the use of anti-shields missiles "Konkors".،
Jaish al-Mutaz Bellah formation's link: 
Lewa al-Mohajirin and al-Ansar
The Lewa led by Eyad al-Qadoor and Khalid Fateh Allah and Most of its members are retired captains, and its members are known to be specialized with cannons and anti-shields missiles. It is located in Izra area.
Lew al-Hassen Bin Ali
It works under the control of Alwiet Seif al-Sham which is distributed in Daraa and al-Quneitra and western of Damascus countryside and is specialist in Daraa and al-Quneitra and led by Abu Salah al-Shami.
And it has special weapons; artilleries, missiles like Konkors, Tow, and Malotka.
The statement’s link of forming Lewa al-Hassen Ben Ali: 
Alwiet al-Furqan
The brigade was formerly deployed from Daraya in the countryside of Damascus to the south and west of Damascus and extending to Quneitra and the western countryside of Daraa. The group has suspicious relations with the Israeli side regarding the support mechanisms.
The mercenaries of the army of Khalid Bin al-Walid which is one of the branches of the mercenaries were urged after the break from these brigades.
The joining of the brigade of Khalid Bin al-Walid to the al-Furqan Brigade was in August 2014, which was the nucleus of the formation of Khalid Bin al-Walid Army later
And it controls areas opposite to the Israeli army in al-Jolan in al-Quneitra governorates, and led by Abu Qasim Mohammed Majid al-Khatib. .
The link of joining of Lewa Khalid Ben al-Walid Alweet al-Furqan in August 20114: xO8o4
Tahaluf al-Janoub Forces
In August 2017, 8 armed gangs announced their integration into one body known as Tahaluf al-Janoub Forces led by Ziad al-Hariri.
And they spread throughout most of Daraa governorate extending from al-Lajat east of Daraa to northwest of Mothalath al-Mout; the junction of the countryside of Damascus, al-Quneitra and Daraa."
The statement’s link of the formation of the forces: 
Lewa al-Maham al-Khasa
It was formed in 2013 with the participation of 7 battalions which are Seif Allah, al-Raja, al-Ikhlas, Ahbab Allah, Ahrar al-Jolan, Al al-Bait, and Ansar al-Sunna, and led by Sahel al-jawabira.
The statement formation’s link: 
Firqet al-Hamza
It includes many factions and brigades and is led by Saber Sefar who formed this division in March 2014 in north-west of Darra city.
The formation statement's link is: 
Firqet Fajir al-Islam
It was formed in September 2014 by Mohammed Hassen Salami in Tafes and Atman areas and in Daraa and Bosra al-Harir neighborhoods.
The statement formation’s line is: 
Jabhet Thwar Syria:
It spreads in north of Darra countryside in Tel al-Mal, al-Taiha, Tel al-Hara Aqraba and Tel al–Jemo, and it is led by Qasim Najem.
The statement formation’s link is: 
Fawj al-Madfaiya al-Awal
It is specialized to launchers, artilleries, mortars, and it is considered the only gang that possesses heavy artillery and launchers in the south of Syria.
The link of a video shows the cannons owned by this faction:
Where to get support?
The southern area of Syria is characterized by including a large number of armed gangs and their supporters. Turkey supports mercenary gangs such as IS, Jabhet al-Nusra and other gangs in the Syrian north with branches in the south.
Jordan, which has borders with Syria, supports the existing gangs that are managed by the United States, France and Britain, while Israel, which is busy of the ongoing aerial and missile bombardment against the Iranian sites, also supports the armed gangs from time to time in order to get the ground front south of Damascus busy.
Al-Mok Room is considered the real father of the southern armed gangs and the main factor of increasing such gangs as it works under the terms of al-Mok that supports it. Al-Mok was formed in 2013 by some Gulf countries, America, France and Britain.
The gangs meet in one central room
In south of Syria, a military system different from other areas has been developed. The formation of military rooms was among several military gangs has been the main address recently. With the rapid progress of the regime in the area, especially in the countryside of al-Sweida, the northern countryside of Daraa and Mothalath al-Mout heading towards the border crossing of Nasib to cut the remained countrysides of Daraa, al-Quneitra and al-Sweida. The armed gangs and the mercenaries in that area announced the formation of the "Central Chamber" in June 2018.
The room consists of seven sub-rooms formed at different times during the past three years for specific purposes and the rooms are:
Al-Bonian al-Marsous operations room
It is spread in the neighborhoods of Daraa city, and was the main engine of the battle of al-Mout wala al-Mazala (Death Not Humaliation) that it led last year and took control of parts of al-Munshiya neighborhood in Daraa al-Balad.
Ras al-Sofouf operations room
It was formed last year when the regime forces attacked outskirts of Daraa city. Jaish al-Thwar is considered its most prominent gangs. Its gangs and mercenaries are deployed near Arz area and al-Naima town east of Daraa. This room is responsible for monitoring the extension of the regime's forces to Daraa city, especially the coming from the town of Khirbet Ghazala.
Tewhid al-Sofouf operations room
It is established by the forces Shabab al-Sunna (al-Sunna youths) and Jaish Ahrar al-Ashaer in Darra eastern countryside. Ahrar al-Sham is considered one of its main gangs. This room witnesses very popular discontent because most of the mercenaries participating in it are those who had handed over other areas in Syria such as Jaish al-Islam.
Sadd al-Ghouzat operations room
It was established in late 2016 and revived when the regime has begun to advance in the area recently. The influence of its armed gangs extends from Sheikh Meskin town to Kharab al-Shakhem west of Daraa.
Mothalath al-Mout operations room
This room supervises Mothalath al-Mout area which is reinforced by the Fourth Division which is the regimes’ own forces. The armed groups that are deployed in al-Jeidour area are the most prominent gangs of Mothalath al-Mout operation room.
Al-Nasr al-Moubin operations room
This room brings together al-Quneitra gangs whose fronts are considered to be a natural geographical extension along the northern and western fronts of Daraa countryside. Local sources indicate that there is coordination between al-Nasr al-Moubin operations room and Mothalath al-Mout to confront the regime's forces in Jobata al-Khasheb and the cities of al-Baath and Khan Arnabah.
Sadd al-Boghat
It is the only room that is stationed on the contact lines with IS mercenaries in Heit town, and it is considered the back defense line of the armed gangs in the south.

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